• Bacteria In Private Household Water Sources

    Bacteria are tiny microscopic naturally occurring living organisms. Bateria is classified as pathogenic ( disease-causing) or non-pathogenic (non-disease causing). Private water sources are not regulated and it is up to the homeowner to ensure the water is safe to drink. The following are the most common types of bacteria found in private drinking water sources. ( lakes, rivers, dug wells and deep wells ).

    Coliform Bacteria are various types of bacteria that can be combined as a single group, fecal and non-fecal coliform bacteria. Non-fecal bacteria are found in surface water, plants, organics, and soil. Most non-fecal coliform bacteria are not harmful to humans, however, they can be an indicator of the possible presence of harmful bacteria. Fecal coliform bacteria are bacteria found naturally in humans and animals. Fecal coliform bacteria can be pathogenic (disease-causing).

    E. Coli Bacteria are bacteria found in the intestines of humans and animals. Most E. Coli bacteria are harmless to humans but there are strains that can cause harm or even be life-threatening. E. Coli bacteria is usually from human or animal waste contaminating surface water and soil. Bacteria in deep wells ( drill wells) is usually surface water that has infiltrated your well.

    How does bacteria get into your water source?

    • Animal waste from nearby farms.
    • Poorly maintained septic systems leaking human waste into the soil.
    • Agricultural run-off.
    • Shallow wells that have openings, insects, rodents and animals can fall into well.
    • Drill wells Improperly constructed or damaged allowing surface contamination.
    • Wells that are not maintained and not disinfected properly.
  • What health problems can Coliform and E. Coli bacteria cause?

    The presence of coliform bacteria, specifically E. coli (a type of coliform bacteria), in drinking water suggests the water may contain pathogens that can cause diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, nausea, headaches, fever, fatigue, and even death sometimes. Infants, children, elderly people, and people with weakened immune systems are more likely to get sick or even die from pathogens in drinking water.